The publication of a PISA survey always raises a lively discussion on the direction of learning outcomes and education policy. A new book sheds light on factors behind the survey.


The OECD implements PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) surveys every three years.
The survey assesses the skills of 15-year-old adolescents in three areas: reading, mathematics and natural sciences. In 2015, the main area of the survey was natural sciences and a changing theme was collaborative problem solving. In Finland, the survey was implemented by the consortium of the Finnish Institute for Educational Research at the University of Jyväskylä and the Centre for Educational Assessment at the University of Helsinki.

The PISA survey does not directly assess the implementation of the basics of the national curricula. Instead, it reviews how young people manage the key skills they will need to cope in the future.

Because the PISA survey is international, it unavoidably leads to comparisons of different countries and areas. Primarily, the survey, its extensive and reliably collected data and tested meters provide data for educational research and for the development and assessment of education policy.

The book is the first Finnish PISA report that is peer-reviewed and published by a scientific publisher. The Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture has participated in the funding of the publication. The book includes 13 independently peer-reviewed articles and a separate chapter that describes the PISA survey methods, from data collection to the analysis. The method article is the first general description of the topic in Finnish.

Publication information: Juhani Rautopuro & Kalle Juuti (ed.). PISA pintaa syvemmältä – PISA 2015 Suomen pääraportti. 2018. Kasvatusalan tutkimuksia 77. Suomen kasvatustieteellinen seura. Available from the online store of the University of Jyväskylä

Photo: Martti Minkkinen

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